Welcome to
Burns Country - Home
 
Search This Site
 

Everything you wanted to know about Robert Burns, Scotland's national bard (and lots more besides). Please let us know if anything's missing, wrong, or just plain wonderful

Burns Country Collage

AULD LANG SYNE
Words | Karaoke!

Burns Shop
Poems and Songs
Burns Encyclopaedia
Burns Suppers
Burns Cottage and Park
Burns in English
Burns Chess Set
Burns Links
Scotweb Mall
 
robert burns store
View our exclusive range of distinctive Robert Burns related products.

Register with our Shopping Club for further offers and unique member offers.

Contact us:
info@robertburns.org


The Burns Encyclopedia
Home | Introduction | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

Stanhope, Philip Dormer, fourth Earl of Chesterfield (1694-1773)

Succeeded his father to the earldom in 1726. An accomplished orator in the House of Lords, he became a friend of Walpole, but was opposed to the Premier's Excise Bill. After that, he tried to bring about Walpole's downfall by signing the protest for the Prime Minister's dismissal. When the new government was formed, it did not include Chesterfield, who continued in opposition, distinguishing himself by the courtly bitterness of his attacks on George II, who came to hate him violently.

Because of his experience of the Continent, Chesterfield was sent as ambassador to the Hague, to negotiate with the Dutch with a view to their joining in the war of the Austrian Succession. His mission was successful, and he was awarded the lord-lieutenancy of Ireland. It was on his brilliant administration of Ireland that his reputation as a statesman rested.

He was a clever and witty essayist and epigrammatist, but is most famous for his Letters to his Son and his Letters to his Godson. He had no children by his wife, Melusina von Schulemberg, illegitimate daughter of George I, but Mademoiselle du Bouchet bore him a son, Philip Stanhope, to whom the famous letters were written. Philip died at the age of thirty-six and his death was an overwhelming grief to Chesterfield.

In a letter to Mrs Dunlop from Ellisland, dated l0th April 1790, Burns described Chesterfield as:

'... one of the ablest judges of men, and himself one of the ablest men that ever lived... In fact, a man who could thoroughly control his vices whenever they interfered with his interests, and who could completely put on the appearance of every virtue as often as it suited his purposes is, on the Stanhopian plan, the perfect man: a man to lead nations.' Burns added: 'But are great abilities, compleat without a flaw, and polished without a blemish, the standard of human excellence? This is certainly the staunch opinion of men of the world; but I call on honor, virtue and worth, to give the Stygian doctrine a loud negative.'

Buy the Burns Encyclopedia online
Home | Introduction | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

Robert Burns Store

NEW!! robert burns store View our exclusive range of distinctive Robert Burns related products. Register with our Shopping Club for further offers and unique member offers.Click here...


Complete Burns Songs

linn recordings of burns Linn Records have completed their landmark recording of all 368 Burns songs, available as individual CDs or a 12 volume presentation box set. We have full details. Click here...


Burns Music & Recordings
Search our huge CD and music store for any Burns-related phrase!
Hint: Type "lang syne" or "peck maut" etc. into the Search box there for all artists, titles, descriptions or track listings with the words entered.
Burns Chess Sets

Burns Chess SetsUnique collectors' pieces based on Burns' life and works. (The ideal gift for your Burns Supper guests!) Click here...

Scotweb Store

ScotwebThe finest Scottish shopping site in the world, with the world's largest choice of kilts and tartans, exclusive jewelry, Highland Dress, Bagpipes and piping supplies, cashmere, and much more. Buying from these sites helps pay for the upkeep of Burns Country! Click here...